Craps, a lively and exhilarating dice game renowned for its energetic atmosphere in casinos, boasts a rich history that spans centuries. From its ancient roots to its evolution into a beloved casino classic, the journey of craps is a fascinating tale that mirrors the cultural shifts and innovations of different eras.

Ancient Beginnings:

The origins of craps can be traced back to ancient civilizations:

  • Ancient Dice Games: Early versions of craps can be linked to various dice games played by civilizations like the Romans and Greeks, often involving dice made from bone or stones.

Evolution in Europe:

Craps evolved further in Europe, specifically through the influence of English game “Hazard”:

  • Hazard’s Influence: Hazard, a game popular among English nobility in the 17th century, featured elements resembling modern craps, including betting on specific dice outcomes.

New Orleans and the Birth of Modern Craps:

The game as we recognize it today took shape in the melting pot of New Orleans:

  • French Influence: French settlers brought their own dice games to New Orleans, merging with existing games to form the basis of modern craps.
  • Simplified Rules: John H. Winn, a dice maker, introduced crucial innovations in the mid-19th century, including the “Don’t Pass” bet, which transformed the game into a balanced contest between players and the house.

Rise in Popularity:

Craps gained popularity throughout the United States:

  • Casino Introduction: Craps found a permanent home in casinos during the 20th century, becoming a staple game due to its dynamic nature and social appeal.
  • Street Craps: Outside of formal casinos, street craps continued to be played among communities, contributing to the game’s widespread appeal.

Modern Gameplay and Variations:

Craps today retains its core elements while offering variations and modern adaptations:

  • Basic Gameplay: The game involves players betting on the outcome of dice rolls, with options like “Pass Line,” “Don’t Pass Line,” and various side bets.
  • Online Craps: The advent of online casinos brought craps to a wider audience, with digital versions offering convenience and accessibility.

Vibrant Culture and Terminology:

Craps boasts a vibrant culture, complete with its own unique jargon and superstitions:

  • Distinct Terminology: “Snake Eyes,” “Boxcars,” and “Seven Out” are among the colorful terms used in craps.
  • Superstitions: Players often adhere to superstitions like blowing on dice or specific rituals for luck.


Craps’ journey from ancient dice games to a bustling casino staple is a testament to its enduring appeal and adaptability. Its evolution across different cultures and eras illustrates the game’s ability to resonate with players and adapt to changing times. Today, craps remains a vibrant and thrilling game that continues to captivate players with its rich history, dynamic gameplay, and lively casino atmosphere.